Morocco List

Morocco is located in North Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea to the west and north, respectively. It shares land borders with Algeria to the east and southeast and Western Sahara to the south. The geographic coordinates of Morocco are approximately 31.7917° N latitude and 7.0926° W longitude.


Morocco’s geography is characterized by a diverse terrain that includes mountains, deserts, plains, and coastline.


The climate varies across the country, with Mediterranean climate prevailing along the coast, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Inland areas experience more extreme temperatures, with the Sahara Desert in the south being extremely hot and arid.


Morocco is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, including species such as Barbary macaques, Atlas lions, and Barbary leopards. The country’s diverse ecosystems support a range of wildlife, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.

Longest Rivers

Morocco’s longest river is the Draa River, which stretches approximately 1,100 kilometers through the southern part of the country. Other significant rivers include the Moulouya, Sebou, and Oum Er-Rbia rivers, which play important roles in the country’s agricultural and hydroelectric sectors.

Highest Mountains

The Atlas Mountains dominate much of Morocco’s landscape, with the highest peak being Mount Toubkal in the High Atlas range, standing at 4,167 meters above sea level. Other notable peaks include Mount M’Goun and Mount Ayachi, offering breathtaking views and opportunities for trekking and mountaineering.


Morocco’s history is as rich and varied as its geography, with traces of human habitation dating back thousands of years.


The earliest evidence of human presence in Morocco dates back to the Paleolithic era, with cave paintings and artifacts found throughout the country. Over the millennia, various civilizations flourished in the region, including the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Romans.

Medieval Period

Morocco experienced a golden age during the medieval period, with the rise of the Berber dynasties and the establishment of Islamic rule. The Almoravid and Almohad dynasties left a lasting legacy of architectural marvels, including the Koutoubia Mosque and the Hassan Tower.

European Colonization

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Morocco became the focus of European colonial ambitions, with France and Spain asserting control over different regions of the country. The struggle for independence culminated in the establishment of the modern Kingdom of Morocco in 1956.

Modern Age

Since gaining independence, Morocco has undergone significant social, political, and economic development, becoming a key player in regional and global affairs. The country has embraced modernization while preserving its cultural heritage, making it a fascinating destination for travelers and scholars alike.


Morocco is a culturally diverse country with a population of approximately 37 million people.

Ethnic Composition

The population is ethnically heterogeneous, with Arab-Berber heritage being predominant. Other ethnic groups include sub-Saharan Africans, Europeans, and Jewish Moroccans. This diversity contributes to the country’s rich cultural tapestry and vibrant social fabric.


The majority of Moroccans adhere to Sunni Islam, with small Christian and Jewish communities. Islam plays a central role in Moroccan society, influencing various aspects of daily life, including culture, law, and social customs.


The official languages of Morocco are Arabic and Berber, with French widely spoken as a second language, particularly in business, government, and education. Darija, a dialect of Arabic, is the most commonly spoken language among Moroccans.


Morocco’s economy is diverse and rapidly growing, with key sectors including agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, and services. The country’s strategic location and stable political climate make it an attractive destination for foreign investment and trade.

Administrative Divisions

Morocco is divided into 12 regions, each with its own local government and administrative structure. The largest regions by population include Casablanca-Settat, Rabat-Salé-Kénitra, and Marrakech-Safi.

List of Administrative Divisions:

  1. Casablanca-Settat – Population: 7.6 million
  2. Rabat-Salé-Kénitra – Population: 4.5 million
  3. Marrakech-Safi – Population: 4.2 million
  4. Fès-Meknès – Population: 4.2 million
  5. Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima – Population: 3.6 million

10 Largest Cities by Population

Morocco’s largest cities by population include Casablanca, Rabat, and Fes. These urban centers serve as economic, cultural, and administrative hubs, playing a central role in the country’s development and growth.

  1. Casablanca – Population: 3.7 million
  2. Rabat – Population: 1.9 million
  3. Fes – Population: 1.2 million
  4. Marrakech – Population: 1.0 million
  5. Tangier – Population: 974,000

Education Systems

Morocco offers free and compulsory education for children aged 6 to 15, encompassing primary and secondary education. Higher education is provided through a network of universities and colleges, with the University of Hassan II Casablanca and Mohammed V University being among the top institutions.

Top Universities:

  1. University of Hassan II Casablanca
  2. Mohammed V University
  3. Al Akhawayn University
  4. Transportation

Morocco has a well-developed transportation infrastructure that includes airports, railways, highways, and ports, facilitating domestic and international travel and trade.


Morocco has several international airports, with Mohammed V International Airport in Casablanca and Marrakech Menara Airport being the largest and busiest.


Morocco has a total railway length of approximately 2,100 kilometers, with connections to major cities such as Casablanca, Rabat, and Tangier.


Morocco has an extensive network of highways totaling approximately 60,000 kilometers, including the Trans-Saharan Highway and the Casablanca-Tangier Expressway.


The Port of Casablanca is the largest seaport in Morocco, serving as a key transportation hub for maritime trade and commerce.

Country Facts

  • Population: 37 million
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Language: Arabic, Berber
  • Religion: Sunni Islam
  • Race: Multicultural
  • Currency: Moroccan Dirham (MAD)
  • ISO Country Codes: MA, MAR
  • International Calling Code: +212
  • Top-Level Domain: .ma